South how to get rid of acne and acne scars naturally Asia Afghanistan — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency

Ahmad shah DURRANI unified the pashtun tribes and founded afghanistan how to get rid of acne and acne scars naturally in 1747. The country served as a buffer between the british and how to get rid of acne and acne scars naturally russian empires until it won independence from notional british control how to get rid of acne and acne scars naturally in 1919. A brief experiment in democracy ended in a 1973 coup how to get rid of acne and acne scars naturally and a 1978 communist countercoup. The soviet union invaded in 1979 to support the tottering how to get rid of acne and acne scars naturally afghan communist regime, touching off a long and destructive war. The USSR withdrew in 1989 under relentless pressure by internationally how to get rid of acne and acne scars naturally supported anti-communist mujahidin rebels. A series of subsequent civil wars saw kabul finally fall how to get rid of acne and acne scars naturally in 1996 to the taliban, a hardline pakistani-sponsored movement that emerged in 1994 to end the country’s civil war and anarchy. Following the 11 september 2001 terrorist attacks, a US, allied, and anti-taliban northern alliance military action toppled the taliban for sheltering how to get rid of acne and acne scars naturally usama BIN LADIN.

A UN-sponsored bonn conference in 2001 established a process for political how to get rid of acne and acne scars naturally reconstruction that included the adoption of a new constitution, a presidential election in 2004, and national assembly elections in 2005. In december 2004, hamid KARZAI became the first democratically elected president of afghanistan, and the national assembly was inaugurated the following december. KARZAI was reelected in august 2009 for a second term. The 2014 presidential election was the country’s first to include a runoff, which featured the top two vote-getters from the first round, abdullah ABDULLAH and ashraf GHANI. Throughout the summer of 2014, their campaigns disputed the results and traded accusations of fraud, leading to a US-led diplomatic intervention that included a full vote audit as how to get rid of acne and acne scars naturally well as political negotiations between the two camps. In september 2014, GHANI and ABDULLAH agreed to form the government of national how to get rid of acne and acne scars naturally unity, with GHANI inaugurated as president and ABDULLAH elevated to the how to get rid of acne and acne scars naturally newly-created position of chief executive officer. The day after the inauguration, the GHANI administration signed the US-afghan bilateral security agreement and NATO status of forces agreement, which provide the legal basis for the post-2014 international military presence in afghanistan. After two postponements, the next presidential election has been re-scheduled for september 2019.

The taliban remains a serious challenge for the afghan government how to get rid of acne and acne scars naturally in almost every province. The taliban still considers itself the rightful government of afghanistan, and it remains a capable and confident insurgent force fighting how to get rid of acne and acne scars naturally for the withdrawal of foreign military forces from afghanistan, establishment of sharia law, and rewriting of the afghan constitution. In 2019, negotiations between the US and the taliban in doha entered how to get rid of acne and acne scars naturally their highest level yet, building on momentum that began in late 2018. Underlying the negotiations is the unsettled state of afghan politics, and prospects for a sustainable political settlement remain unclear.

Despite improvements in life expectancy, incomes, and literacy since 2001, afghanistan is extremely poor, landlocked, and highly dependent on foreign aid. Much of the population continues to suffer from shortages of how to get rid of acne and acne scars naturally housing, clean water, electricity, medical care, and jobs. Corruption, insecurity, weak governance, lack of infrastructure, and the afghan government’s difficulty in extending rule of law to all parts how to get rid of acne and acne scars naturally of the country pose challenges to future economic growth. Afghanistan’s living standards are among the lowest in the world. Since 2014, the economy has slowed, in large part because of the withdrawal of nearly 100,000 foreign troops that had artificially inflated the country’s economic growth.

The international community remains committed to afghanistan’s development, pledging over $83 billion at ten donors’ conferences between 2003 and 2016. In october 2016, the donors at the brussels conference pledged an additional $3.8 billion in development aid annually from 2017 to 2020. Even with this help, government of afghanistan still faces number of challenges, including low revenue collection, anemic job creation, high levels of corruption, weak government capacity, and poor public infrastructure.

In 2017 afghanistan’s growth rate was only marginally above that of the how to get rid of acne and acne scars naturally 2014-2016 average. The drawdown of international security forces that started in 2012 how to get rid of acne and acne scars naturally has negatively affected economic growth, as a substantial portion of commerce, especially in the services sector, has catered to the ongoing international troop presence in the how to get rid of acne and acne scars naturally country. Afghan president ashraf GHANI ahmadzai is dedicated to instituting economic how to get rid of acne and acne scars naturally reforms to include improving revenue collection and fighting corruption. The government has implemented reforms to the budget process and how to get rid of acne and acne scars naturally in some other areas. However, many other reforms will take time to implement and afghanistan how to get rid of acne and acne scars naturally will remain dependent on international donor support over the next how to get rid of acne and acne scars naturally several years.

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