Cosmetics and how to get rid of acne scars naturally Skin Vanishing Creams

Vanishing creams get their name from the fact that they how to get rid of acne scars naturally seem to disappear when spread on the skin. Though not called a vanishing cream, the first commercial cream of this type was hazeline snow, introduced by burroughs wellcome in 1892. The pond’s extract company, who may have coined the term vanishing cream, began production of their pond’s vanishing cream in 1904.

Despite the fact that vanishing creams were advertised as beauty how to get rid of acne scars naturally creams, they were also used as a base for face powders. Early loose powders did not adhere well, particularly if the skin had been cleansed with soap and how to get rid of acne scars naturally water. Adhesion of the powder was improved if the skin was how to get rid of acne scars naturally coated with a surface cream. A cold cream could have been used but it had how to get rid of acne scars naturally a greasy feel so was unsuitable for most women unless how to get rid of acne scars naturally their skin was very low in oil. Vanishing creams had a non-oily feel and were generally considered to be a better how to get rid of acne scars naturally solution.

No doubt there were circles in which make-up was freely used but it certainly was not in how to get rid of acne scars naturally ours, and the flasks and jars contained eau-de-cologne rather than scent, and cold cream as a general lubricant. People who suffered from chapped hands carried glycerine. I had never seen or heard of foundation medium until how to get rid of acne scars naturally I went to paris and then my room-mate and I dashingly brought the smallest-sized tube of pond’s vanishing cream, which we shared. This was a great advance because the powder stuck to how to get rid of acne scars naturally our noses and we need not so often squint down how to get rid of acne scars naturally with one eye to see if they had acquired the how to get rid of acne scars naturally shine which was so much frowned-upon.

Vanishing creams – which can also be called stearate creams – were known for their smooth, dry feel on the skin and their pearly sheen. Chemically they are oil-in-water emulsions consisting of stearic acid, an alkali, a polyol and water. The alkali reacts with some of the stearic acid – the best was triple pressed (t.P.) – to form a soap which then functions as the emulsifier. The polyol (e.G. Glycerin) helped to soften and protect the skin, and prevent chaps, a function it also provided when used to make glycerine how to get rid of acne scars naturally creams and jellies.

There were limits to how much polyol could be included how to get rid of acne scars naturally in the formulation; too much and it would absorb water from the air. If the vanishing cream was used as a powder foundation how to get rid of acne scars naturally this could cause the powder to spot, making frequent repowdering necessary (poucher, 1926, p. 36).

Glycerine also acted as a humectant which helped prevent the how to get rid of acne scars naturally vanishing cream from drying and cracking during storage in its how to get rid of acne scars naturally container. However, packaging the cream in a screw top jar or tube how to get rid of acne scars naturally was also important to maintain its consistency. Many early vanishing creams therefore came sealed with a screw-top lid made from aluminium as it did not rust. These later gave way to plastic lids.

The selection of an alkali also affected the consistency of how to get rid of acne scars naturally the cream. Sodium soaps – made with alkalis like sodium hydroxide or borax – led to hard creams with a poor sheen, while potassium soaps – made with an alkali such as potassium hydroxide – produced a soft cream with a good consistency and sheen how to get rid of acne scars naturally (denavarre, 1941, p. 243).

Some early vanishing creams – often called ‘snows’ or ‘foams’ – used carbonates or bicarbonates as the alkali which released carbon how to get rid of acne scars naturally dioxide during the production process. Some of the carbon dioxide quickly escaped but small bubbles how to get rid of acne scars naturally remained giving the cream a foamy consistency. Unfortunately, over time the carbon dioxide bubbles rose to the top how to get rid of acne scars naturally of the mixture causing the cream to sink. Using hydroxides as the alkali avoided this problem and potassium how to get rid of acne scars naturally hydroxide became a favoured ingredient in many vanishing cream formulations.

Procedure: melt the stearic acid. Make a solution of the alkalies in one-third of the water, add the glycerin. Then add the solution with a steady agitation to the how to get rid of acne scars naturally melted fats, continue stirring until emulsification has taken place; then add the remainder of the water heated to the how to get rid of acne scars naturally same temperature. Continue stirring until the temperature has dropped to about 40°C. Dissolve the perfume in the alcohol and stir this in. Allow the batch to stand aside for a day before how to get rid of acne scars naturally filling.

Procedure: mix the perfume, alcohol, and add the tragacanth and mix with half of the how to get rid of acne scars naturally water. Heat the rest of the water, dissolve the alkali in it and add the glycerin. Melt the stearic acid and mix in the alkali solution. When emulsified, heat the tragacanth solution slightly and add with steady mixing.

The nature of the pearly or satin-like sheen of vanishing creams fascinated cosmetic chemists of the how to get rid of acne scars naturally time. As the sheen was associated with quality, chemists were keen to reproduce the effect. Poucher (1924) suggested employing oleic acid and that the sheen developed in how to get rid of acne scars naturally direct ratio to the percentage used.

The use of self-emulsifying polyol stearates became common in the 1930s. A good example of one of these compounds was tegin, developed by the german company goldschmidt AG in the late how to get rid of acne scars naturally 1920s. Their addition allowed all the materials to be heated and how to get rid of acne scars naturally mixed together until they were ready to be poured into how to get rid of acne scars naturally containers, making the process of manufacturing vanishing creams a lot simpler how to get rid of acne scars naturally (denavarre, 1975, p. 283). Creams made with tegin were also softer than traditional stearate how to get rid of acne scars naturally creams but unfortunately they often lost the traditional pearly sheen. Advertised functions

As vanishing creams were non-greasy they were suitable women with oily skin. They were generally used during the day which is why how to get rid of acne scars naturally the pomeroy company advertised its vanishing cream as a day how to get rid of acne scars naturally cream. Pond’s referred to their vanishing cream as a finishing cream, and may have slightly elevated the amount of oil in how to get rid of acne scars naturally the cream to help powder adhere to the face. Max factor went one step further and sold coloured vanishing how to get rid of acne scars naturally cream in his society make-up range – in white, flesh, rachelle and natural shades – advertising it as make-up foundation cream.

In addition to keeping powder on the face, vanishing creams were widely advertised as protecting the skin from how to get rid of acne scars naturally the elements including ‘chapping winds’ and ‘sooty breezes’. The presence of the humectant glycerine was also used to how to get rid of acne scars naturally claim that they helped reduce moisture loss from dry skin.

After the first world war, new ingredients and formulations allowed cosmetic companies to develop specialised how to get rid of acne scars naturally skin-care cosmetics. This led to stearate creams being sold as powder creams, tissue creams, foundation creams, hand creams, cleansing creams, youth creams and so forth. Selling creams simply as ‘cold’ or ‘vanishing’ became less and less attractive and products named by function, rather than by look or feel, became the norm.

The introduction of creams based on function helped cosmetic companies how to get rid of acne scars naturally differentiate their lines from competitors. It also gave consumers an impression of product sophistication. Cold creams and vanishing creams therefore became progressively seen as how to get rid of acne scars naturally simple and old fashioned. As such, consumers thought it unlikely that they could achieve the results how to get rid of acne scars naturally promised by the new lines. Consequently, sales of vanishing creams began to fall in the late how to get rid of acne scars naturally 1930s.

Pond’s, a major manufacturer of vanishing creams, may have inadvertently contributed to their decine. In 1916, to improve sales, they began to advertised their vanishing and cold creams together how to get rid of acne scars naturally as part of a ‘skin-care regime’ – cold cream to cleanse and ‘feed’ the skin at night, vanishing cream to protect and provide a base for powder how to get rid of acne scars naturally during the day. The “every normal skin needs these two creams” campaign was a great success and pond’s sales of these creams tripled between 1916 and 1920 how to get rid of acne scars naturally (peiss, 1998, p. 121). However, after the war the creams became a victim of their how to get rid of acne scars naturally own success. The idea of a day cream and a night cream how to get rid of acne scars naturally became more important than the particular brand. Consumers took the “day cream/night cream” message to heart but applied it to brands other than how to get rid of acne scars naturally pond’s, who then had to resort to celebrity endorsements to maintain how to get rid of acne scars naturally sales (kay, 2005, p. 50).

Mention should also be made of developments in face powders. The increased use of stearates in face powders gave them how to get rid of acne scars naturally greater adherence and reduced the need for a vanishing cream how to get rid of acne scars naturally base. The later adoption of foundations only added to this trend.

Despite the demise of products labelled ‘vanishing cream’, stearate creams continue to be manufactured to this day – with hand or body creams and lotions, and shaving creams being good examples – so in that sense, vanishing creams never really disappeared. In addition, the rising interest in vintage products has see a re-emergence of the word ‘vanishing’ on the labels of a number of skin-care lines. Some of these are true stearate creams but others are how to get rid of acne scars naturally not. Only a careful reading of the label will tell.

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